Publications
Publication Information
Title | Baryon-baryon interactions and spin-flavor symmetry from lattice quantum chromodynamics |
Authors | Michael Wagman, Frank Winter, Emmanuel Chang, Z. Davoudi, William Detmold, Konstantinos Orginos, Martin Savage, Phiala Shanahan |
JLAB number | JLAB-CIO-17-2632 |
LANL number | 1706.06550 |
Other number | DOE/OR/23177-4321 |
Document Type(s) | (Journal Article) |
Associated with EIC: | No |
Supported by Jefferson Lab LDRD Funding: | No |
Funding Source: | Nuclear Physics (NP) |
Journal Compiled for Physical Review D Volume 96 Issue 11 Page(s) 114510 Refereed | |
Publication Abstract: | Lattice quantum chromodynamics is used to constrain the interactions of two octet baryons at the SU(3) flavor-symmetric point, with quark masses that are heavier than those in nature (equal to that of the physical strange quark mass and corresponding to a pion mass of $\approx 806~\tt{MeV}$). Specifically, the S-wave scattering phase shifts of two-baryon systems at low energies are obtained with the application of L\"uscher's formalism, mapping the energy eigenvalues of two interacting baryons in a finite volume to the two-particle scattering amplitudes below the relevant inelastic thresholds. The values of the leading-order low-energy scattering parameters in the irreducible representations of SU(3) are consistent with an approximate SU(6) spin-flavor symmetry in the nuclear and hypernuclear forces that is predicted in the large-$N_c$ limit of QCD. The two distinct SU(6)-invariant interactions between two baryons are constrained at this value of the quark masses, and their values indicate an approximate accidental SU(16) symmetry. The SU(3) irreducible representations containing the $NN~({^1}S_0)$, $NN~({^3}S_1)$ and $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}(\Xi^0n+\Xi^-p)~({^3}S_1)$ channels unambiguously exhibit a single bound state, while the irreducible representation containing the $\Sigma^+ p~({^3}S_1)$ channel exhibits a state that is consistent with either a bound state or a scattering state close to threshold. These results are in agreement with the previous conclusions of the NPLQCD collaboration regarding the existence of two-nucleon bound states at this value of the quark masses. |
Experiment Numbers: | other |
Group: | Scientific Computing |
Document: | |
DOI: | https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.96.114510 |
Accepted Manuscript: | JLAB-CIO-17-2632.pdf embargoed final, peer reviewed, accepted manuscript |
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